Festivals and rituals of the peoples of the world
The peoples of the world
The history of its origin, many festivals and rituals of the peoples of the world are inextricably linked to religion, culture and spiritual heritage of this or that nationality.
Throughout the existence of mankind, these unique historical and cultural value have been born, evolved and disappeared, but the vast majority of them still managed to walk to our days almost in its original form.
The rites of the Slavs: history of origin
Speaking of cultural heritage, which managed to pass through the centuries, reaching today’s time, you should cite the example of the famous rites and traditions of the Slavic peoples.
Most of these ancient rituals and customs to their origin directly associated with paganism, that used to be part of the first human conceptions of man and the world, and later became the basis for all existing religions on the planet.
Calendar festivals and rituals among the Slavs
Communication with the holidays
Officially existed pre-Christian Pantheon of Slavic gods, approved by the Prince Volodymyr, comprised of male and female deities, with whom were associated the earliest ancient Slavic rites. Thus, among the most ancient rites should be mentioned indispensable Slavic celebration in honor of a female deity Makosh (“mother of good harvest, abundance”), held in late October-early November.
With these festive gatherings started the season very curious and beautiful winter rites. Arranging celebrations in honor of Makosh, the Slavic peoples tried to propitiate the deity by sacrifices and all sorts of gifts, that the following year, it was favoured by the fertility and the receipt of a generous harvest.
Generally, holiday observances and calendar holidays, the Slavic peoples were intended to show, first, the economic interests of farmers, which explains the coincidence of the dates of festivities with various agricultural seasons. In addition, a vast majority of Slavic holidays were closely related to the well-entrenched cult of the ancestors that have survived to our time.
To this day (especially in the East Slavic peoples) has been a tradition to visit the cemetery and the graves of their ancestors on Radonitsa, Trinity and St. Demetrius Saturday. It also, incidentally, originated the custom of all souls ‘ drunken drinks, leaving the places of their burial dispensation of food and meals on the grave.
Until relatively recently, pagan funeral customs were observed in many Christian holidays – for example, on a Christmas eve or Maundy Thursday. So, at Christmastime was made to commemorate the ancestors of the house, and on Holy Thursday – to arrange bonfires and sink baths (to the souls of the dead could get warm and clean).
Interesting fact: many Russian folk festivals and rituals date back at the same time and to the cult of ancestors, and to the idea of fertility. Dead relatives in the human consciousness was associated with the earth, and it is from the goodwill of the ancestors in those ancient times, depended bountiful harvest. For example, the well-known festive rite – Carnival – is also inextricably linked with the theme of fertility and with the commemoration of ancestors, in whose honor were organized fights and many other ritual events. Characteristically, the main meal on Shrove Tuesday (pancakes) refers to a funeral Kushanian.
Famous religious festivals and rituals
From the history
Extant religious festivals and ceremonies of the Nations of the world began to emerge in ancient times, when a comprehensive paganism became gradually recede into the background.
In every religion now known there are specific rituals that can be daily, weekly, annual or sporadic at which the person carries out only once in my life (usually these ceremonies are associated with a number of key stages in the life cycle: birth, marriage or death).
Basic rites in Christianity
The Christian Church also highlights of this important event in the life of a believer, as the birth and associated with the sacrament of Baptism, marriage, and a concomitant Wedding ceremony, and death, followed by the rite of Burial service.
The most festive and important holiday in Christianity is Easter or resurrection of Christ. This event concludes with a strict lent. In turn, the Nativity, one of the main Christian holiday is preceded by a strict Nativity fast, continued for forty days.
Basic rites in Islam
An important duty of the Muslims is the daily prayer called Namaz. During the day a Muslim is obliged to pray 5 times a day – no matter where he finds the time.
Accepted in Islam are considered important holidays of Eid al-Adha (feast of sacrifice), Eid ul-Fitr (feast of breaking the fast), Miraj (night of ascension the prophet Muhammed to heaven), Mawlid (birthday of the prophet). All public events are held in accordance with the Muslim calendar.
Basic rites in Buddhism
Buddhism emphasizes the importance of rituals associated with the death of a person. Buddhist burial ceremony is extraordinarily complex in their organization and multi-step procedure, accompanied by the reading of prayers, the obligatory blessing of the place of burial, the funeral of the deceased.
One of the most important holidays of Buddhism Vesak – lush festive ceremony held in honour of the birth, enlightenment and the passing of the earthly world (Parinirvana) of Gautama Buddha.
Another important festival is the Buddhist New year, more commonly known as Tsagaan SAR. This solemn event in Buddhism may be different, depending on the school and directions, but for all who profess Buddhism, this festival symbolizes renewal, new, important and serious step in life, which turns into a ritual.
Basic rites in Judaism
Rites in Judaism
Speaking of what a folk rituals holidays depending on one religion or another, can not be said about Judaism. The most important weekly ritual among the Jews-the Jews is the day dedicated to God – namely, the Sabbath (or Shabbat). On this day must run one of the 10 biblical commandments prohibiting work on the seventh day of the week. The ritual of Shabbat, the Jewish believers known since antiquity, and for most Jews it is the most important part of the habitual way of life, component material and spiritual culture. For Saturday there is even a special greeting:
The most important holiday of the Jewish believers-Jews is the Passover (Greek and Russian – Easter), after 50 days, after which comes another holiday of Shavuot, organized in honor of the memory of the giving of God to Moses the Ten commandments.